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Sick leave in Bavaria: eleven days a year on sick leave
Sick leave in Bavaria is on average slightly lower than in the rest of Germany. Both the duration of the illness and the overall sick leave was below the federal level for Bavarian employees. The nationwide trend towards a significant increase in mental illness can also be observed in Bavaria, according to the results of the current health report of the DAK.
In the health report, the DAK has broken down the data of its insured persons according to the federal states and determined the respective sick leave as well as the average absences and the causes of the sick leave. In Bavaria, the disability certificates of almost 350,000 Bavarian insured persons from 2011 were evaluated. The result: The sick leave rate in Bavaria is 3.1 percent and on average the Bavarian workers were unable to work for eleven days a year.
Sick leave in Bavaria significantly below the national average Overall, sick leave in Bavaria was 3.1 percent, slightly less than the national average, according to which 3.6 percent of the employees in Germany were unable to work each day due to illness. The rise in sick leave in Bavaria was 0.1 percentage points compared to the previous year, much more moderate than the nationwide trend with an increase in sick leave by 0.5 percentage points (from 3.1 in 2010 to 3.6 percent in 2011 ). Bavaria is relatively good, especially in relation to the federal states with very high sick leave, such as Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (4.7 percent), Brandenburg (4.6 percent), Thuringia (4.5 percent) or Saxony-Anhalt (4.5 percent) Only in Baden-Württemberg was the sick leave rate exactly 3 percent, a little lower than in Bavaria.
Increases in mental illnesses With regard to the average duration of illness, the situation in Bavaria looks relatively good in a nationwide comparison. The Bavarians were unable to work for 11.1 days a year, with the national average being 11.5 days. The three most common causes of illness in Bavaria, as in the rest of Germany, are diseases of the muscular and skeletal system, such as back pain, which account for 21.5 percent of absenteeism among Bavarian workers, acute injuries and poisoning (16 percent of absenteeism) and illnesses of the respiratory system (15 percent of absenteeism). Overall, these three types of illness are responsible for more than half of absenteeism in Bavaria. The DAK health report for Bavaria recorded the most drastic increase in absenteeism for mental illnesses. The absenteeism due to corresponding diagnoses has increased by 14 percent, whereby the relatively long average illness duration of 31 days also plays an important role. Overall, absenteeism due to mental illness has increased by 42 percent since 2002, reports the DAK.
Highest sick leave in the health care system The DAK Health Report also breaks down sick leave by various economic groups or sectors in order to provide an insight into the occupational risk of illness. In contrast to the national average, the public administration is not the sector with the highest sickness rate in Bavaria, but the healthcare system. The sick leave rate in Bavarian health care was 3.7 percent (4.1 percent nationwide), and 3.5 percent the sick leave rate in public administration (4.2 percent nationwide). The DAK in Bavaria recorded the lowest sickness rate among employees in the field of education, culture and the media with only 2.2 percent. This sector also has the lowest sickness rate nationwide at 2.7 percent.
Men less sick than women In terms of gender-specific sick leave, the DAK found that men are sick less often than women in almost all age groups. Only between the ages of 15 and 24 is the sick leave rate slightly lower for women than for men. According to the DAK experts, women tend to be ill more often than men because, on the one hand, they work more often in occupations with an increased risk of illness and, on the other hand, pregnancy complications drive the sickness rate among women to a high level. However, a general statement on health cannot be derived from this. (fp)
Absenteeism: Increase in mental illness
Matthias Preisinger / pixelio.de