These are the common diseases of men

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Barmer Health Report 2013: Men neglect their health

The topic of men's health has been discussed in public for years. Men generally deal with their health differently than women. They are not interested in healthy eating and are less likely to go to preventive checkups. Men often use the cliché of the “health muffle” and thus follow the stereotype determined by society. The fact that men have on average 5 years less life expectancy than women can be attributed more to social influences than to a genetic disposition.

The current health report 2013 of the Barmer Krankenkasse deals in detail with men's health in working life and shows which diseases occur more frequently in which age phase. The study focused on three diseases that have a particular impact on men's health in the individual phases of life. Nationwide, the data of 3.6 million employed persons who were insured with the Barmer health insurance fund last year were evaluated.

Young men go to the doctor less often It has been shown that men go to the doctor less often in younger years and also have fewer absences than women. This is often justified by the role model of the “strong man” anchored in society.

According to the study, injuries to the hand, head, knee or ankle were found more frequently in the age group of 15 to 29-year-old men than in women of the same age. Injury-related sick days in men were three days in 2012. In contrast, only 1.2 days for women of the same age. This is due to the fact that men are generally more willing to take risks. In contrast, it was more common in the age group 30 to 49 years, which affected men. On average, they reported being unable to work for 19 days because of a musculoskeletal disorder. In the 50 plus age group, cardiovascular diseases were more difficult for men. Diabetes, too much fatty food and high blood pressure were identified as the triggers. Even though there are a number of information options that are also tailored to the needs of men, preventive measures are perceived more in the operational context than in the private environment of men.

Men in old age have more serious illnesses than women. Although men have fewer doctor contacts in younger years, as well as fewer absences compared to women on average, they tend to be affected by serious illnesses more often or earlier than women.

Suicide is the fourth leading cause of death in men. The study continued to show that 802 young men committed suicide. Both traffic accidents and suicides were registered significantly less frequently in women than in the male sex. Suicide is the fourth leading cause of male death across all ages, the study said. "Suicide is often preceded by mental illnesses that men do nothing about because it would be a sign of weakness," explains Professor Dinges from the Institute for the History of Medicine at the Robert Bosch Foundation. "Men have been made less durable, less healthy and less health conscious than women by many influences over the past 150 years." In order for men to be empowered in health matters, they must also increase their willingness for early detection measures in the future. Otherwise there will be little improvement despite technical progress. (fr)

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